a-simpler-life-el-pocito-header-ecology-wildlife

What follows is meant merely as an introduction to what is known about this region, all figures are approximate.

map

 size – The Natural Park covers 182,000 hectares, most of which is outside urban areas (they account for a further 18,000 hectares).  The municipality of Almonaster la Real covers 32,000 hectares, most of which is countryside.

climate – Mediterranean

rainfall – on average 900mm a year

geology – 80% metamorphic rock (amphibolites/ quartzite/ slate), 10% volcanic, 10% sedimentary.  mining – minas de cala

hydrology – there are 3 main rivers: Chanza, Murtigas, Ribera de Huelva.  Two reservoirs: in Aracena and Zufre

 

vegetation – there are 1412 known species of plants.  Notable trees being: Alnus glutinosa, Arbutus unedo, Castanea sativa, Ceratonia Siliqua, Cydonia oblonga, Diospyros lotus, Ficus carica, Juglans regia, Laurus nobilis, Malus sp., Morus nigra, Olea europea, Pinus halepensis, Pinus pinaster, Pinus pinea, Populus alba, Pyrus bourgaeana, Quercus coccifera, Quercus faginea, Quercus ilex, Quercus suber, Salix atrocinera, Salix fragilis, Salix pedicellata.  Shrubs: Chamaerops humilis, Cistus albidus, Cistus crispus, Cistus ladanifer, Cistus monspeliensis, Cistus populifolius, Cistus salvifolius, Erica arborea, Erica australis, Erica umbellata, Genista hirsuta, Genista polyanthos, Lonicera implexa, Myrtus communis, Opuntia maxima, Pistacia lentiscus, Rhamnus oleoides, Rosmarinus officinalis, Rubus ulmifolius, Ulex argenteus, Ulex eriocladus, Vitis vinífera.  Perennials/ annuals: Erophaca baetica, Hypericum perforatum, Lavandula stoechas, Lavendula viridis.

wildlife –

amphibians – 13 known types. Alytes cisternassi, Discoglossus galganoi, Pelobates cultipes, Pelodytes ibericus, Pelodytes pundatus, Bufo calamitar, Bufo spinosus, Hyla meridionalis, Lissotriton boscai, Pleurodels walte, Salamandra salamandra, Triturus pygmaleus, Pelophylax perezi

birds – 189 known types.  Notably: Aegypius monachus (185 couples), Alcedo althis, Ciconia nigra, owls (Athene noctua, Bubo bubo, Otus scops, Strix aluco,Tyto alba), Merops apiaster, Phoenicurus phoenicurus, raptors (Accipiter gentilis, Accipiter nisus, Aquila adalberti, Aquila chrysaetos, Buteo buteo, Circus aeruginosus, Circus pygarus, Falco columbarius, Falco naumanni, Falco peregrines, Falco subbuteo, Falco tinnunculus, Hieraaetus pennatus, Milvus milvus, Pandion haliaetus), woodpecker (Dendrocopos major, Dendrocopus minor, Jynx torquilla, Picus viridis)

fish – 5 known types. Barbus sclateri, Micropterus salmoides, Chomdrostoma willkommii, Cyprinus carpio, Barbus microcephalus

insects – 8630 known types in Andalucia.  Including: bees (Andricus kollari, Andricus quercustozae, Anthophora sp., Apis mellifera, Chelostoma sp., Cotesia glomerata, Diplolepis mayri, Halictus sp., Heliophila bimaculata, Heriades sp., Hoplitis adunca, Hoplitis sp., Isosoma stipae, Leptocybe invasa, Megascolia maculata flavifrons, Ophelimus maskelli, Osmia caerulescens, Phanacis hypochoeridis, Xylocopa violácea), beetles (Acmaeodera degener, Agapanthia cardui, Akis acuminate, Aphodius (Chilothorax) lineolatus, Attagenus sp., Berberomeloe majalis, Blaps hispanica, Calathus granatensis, Cantharis coronate, Cantharis rustica, Carabus melancholicus, Cephalota Maura, Cetonia opaca, Chrysanthia sp., Chrysomela Americana, Chrysomela menthastri, Coccinella septempunctata, Copris hispanus, Dorcus parallelipipedus, Dytiscus sp., Euserica sp., Harmonia quadripunctata, Heliotaurus flavicollis, Heliotaurus ruficollis, Ischnomera xanthoderes, Meligethes (Acanthogethes) brevis, Melolontha papposa, Missolampus sp., Mordella sp., Nustera distigma, Ocypus olens, Oedemera nobilis, Onitis belial, Onthophagus similis, Oryctes nasicornis, Penetretus temporalis, Potosia cuprea, Potosia opaca, Protaetia morio, Protaetia opaca, Rhyzobius sp., Rhizotrogus sp., Scaurus uncinus, Sepidium bidentatum, Stenopsis hispanica, Steropus ebenus, Stictoleptura fontenayi, Stictoleptura sp., Tentyria sp., Trichodes leucopsideus, Trichodes octopuntctatus, Valgus hemipterus, Xylotrechus antilope), butterflies & moths (Agrotis ipsilon, Ethmia bipunctella, Maniola jurtina, Melanargia ines, Noctua pronuba), dragonflies (Aeschna mixta, Libelula depressa), grasshoppers (Acheta domesticus, Anacridium agytium, Chorthippus sp., Gryllus campestris, Oduntura sp., Sciobia lusitanica, Thyreonolus corsicas), spiders (approximately 48 types, including: Agalenatea redii, Agelena labyrinthica, Alopecosa albofasciata, Araniella cucurbitina, Arctosa perita, Ballus chalybeius, Buthus ibericus, Cosmobunus granaries, Cyclosa algerica, Eratigena atrica, Eusparassus dufouri, Evarcha jucunda, Filistata insidiatix, Frontinellina frutetorum, Heliophanus kochii, Holocnemus pluchei, Homalenotus buchneri, Hyalomma lusitanicum, Ischnocolus valentines, Ixodes ricinus Leiobunum sp., Linyphia sp., Loxosceles rufescens, Lycosa hispanica, Macrothele calpeiana, Menemerus semilimbatus, Menemerus taeniatus, Odiellus duriusculus, Oxyopes heterophtalmus, Oxyopes nigripalpis, Palpimanus gibbulus, Pardosa proxima, Philodromus aureoles, Pterotricha sp., Pulchelodromus sp., Salticus zebraneus, Scutigera coleoptrata, Scytodes velutina, Segestria sp., Simitidion simile, Steatoda grossa, Steatoda nobilis, Textrix caudate, Thanatus vulgaris, Thomisus onustus, Uroctea durandi, Zodarion sp.)

lichen – 7 known types: Anthoceros sp., Evernia sp., Marchantia polymorpha, Polytrichum juniperinum, Ramalina sp., Riccia sp., Usnea barbata

mammals – 25 known species.  Including: badger, bat (12 types), beech marten, deer, hedgehog, fox, genet, mouse (10 types), mole, mongoose, otter, polecat, shrew, weasel, wild boar,

mushrooms – 500 known types.  Including: Amanita phalloides, Amanita caesarea, Macrolepiota procera,  Lactarius deliciosus, Boletus aereus, Chanterellus pallans

reptiles – 20 known types. Including: Hemorrhais hippocrepis, Podarcis hispanica, Rhinechus scalaris, Psammodromus ailgirus, Vipera latastei, Hemidactylus turcicus, Maremys leprosa, Malpolon monspessulanus, Tarentola mauritanica, Timon lepidus, Blanus mariae, Psammodromus hispanicus, Natrix maura

Advertisements